Forage Management Calendar


January

  • Strip graze stockpiled forages.
  • Fertilize for fescue seed production.
  • Overseed legumes into existing grass stands.

February

  • Fertilize for early spring pasture and hay production.
  • Burn excess cover from cool season grass fields.
  • Overseed legumes into existing grass stands.
  • Unroll hay to spread nutrients on fields.

March

  • Finish stockpile grazing.
  • Interseed legumes with notill or light discing.
  • Spray 4 to 6 inch growth on fescue for conversion to non endophyte forages.
  • Spray cool season grasses and weeds invading in warm season grass fields.

April

  • Fertilize for late spring and summer grazing.
  • Interseed legumes with notill or light discing.
  • Seed new stand pasture and haylands.
  • Use rapid rotation through pasture fields to just top off forages.
  • Burn warm season grasses for weed and brush control and to remove litter.
  • Spray to control buckbrush.
  • Spray to control winter weeds.
  • Flash graze grass stands to control canopy competition over new legume seedlings. Lespedeza sprouting mid month.

May

  • Soil test for fall fertilizer needs for pasture and fall seedings.
  • Fertilize warm season grasses last half of month.
  • Cut hay on cool season grass fields in boot stage and legume fields in 1/2 bloom.
  • Use rapid rotation through pasture fields to just top off forages.
  • Clip pastures to control seedheads for better quality forage.
  • Spray to control buckbrush.
  • Flash graze or clip grass stands to control canopy competition over new legume seedlings.

June

  • Cut warm season grass hay in boot stage.
  • Cut second cutting legumes in ¼ bloom stage.
  • Clip pastures to control seedheads for better quality forage.
  • Spray or clip to control weeds before seed formation. Spray brush in full leaf stage.

July

  • Cut warm season grass hay in boot stage.
  • Cut second cutting legumes in ¼ bloom stage.
  • Use slow rotation through cool season pasture fields to clean up excess.
  • Clip or graze excess growth to open plant crown to sunlight to stimulate next years shoots for forage or seed production.

August

  • Fertilize caucasian bluestem for seed production or extra September forage.
  • Fertilize for fall pasture needs.
  • Fertilize for winter stockpile grazing.
  • Leave sufficient plant height on lespedeza to reseed. Should bloom about mid month.
  • Clip brush to weaken root systems and open canopy for fall forage growth.

September

  • Rotate grazing on fall pastures while stockpiling growth on reserve fields for winter needs.
  • Rest warm season grasses to rebuild root reserves.
  • Soil test for winter overseedings.
  • Seed fall pasture and hayland.
  • Graze hard to weaken stands to be overseeded with legumes next winter or spring.

October

  • Rotate grazing on fall pastures while stockpiling growth on reserve fields for winter needs.
  • Soil test for fertility needs for next year.
  • Soil test for spring seedings.

November

  • Spray to kill fescue for conversion to other forages.
  • Spray to kill musk thistle in rosette stage.

December

  • Budget fertility, forage and livestock for next growing season.
  • Begin stripgrazing stockpiled forages after completing fall rotation pastures.